What is infertility?
Infertility refers to being unable to conceive after trying for 12 or more months (or 6 months if you are over 35). There are many different causes for infertility.
What impacts fertility?
Your fertility is impacted by:
- Ovulation problems
- Fallopian tube blockage
The fertility of your partner may be impacted by:
- Low sperm production and mobility
- Abnormal sperm including DNA problems
- Problems with the tubes connecting the testes
- Genetic problems
Frequently asked questions about infertility
Am I infertile? Assessing fertility
If you have been having unprotected sex for over a year and have not fallen pregnant it is a good idea to have a check up. This can be done after 6 months if you are over 35. We will assess your reproductive health and conduct tests on both you and your partner (or donor) to determine if there are any underlying issues causing pregnancy delay.
For women fertility tests include:
- Blood tests and ultrasounds to identify any specific issues and check ovulation is occuring
- An egg count test – a blood test that measures the level of AMH (anti-Mullerian Hormone) and indicates your ovarian reserve
- Special ultrasounds to check if your tubes are open
- Genetic testing to identify any genetic disorders impacting implantation.
For men, a semen analysis is conducted to measure:
- The number of sperm
- Their ability to move (motility)
- Their size and shape (morphology)
- The volume and consistency of the sperm
How can I get pregnant? Treating infertility
A plan to help you fall pregnant will be personalised to you based on you and your partners circumstances. A fertility specialist will help you determine the best course of action starting from the simplest (most natural) options:
- Ovulation cycle tracking to understand when you are most fertile
- Ovulation induction to make you ovulate
- Artificial insemination
- In vitro fertilisation
- Fertility surgery
- Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for genetic conditions.